Lesser Sundas, Indonesia - Endemics and sleep depravation: 20 Jul - 10 Aug 2012


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Overview

Dates:
Weather:

Localities:

20 July - 10 August 2012.
Dry throughout, with partial cloud. Cool at night but hot by day in the lowlands. Cold in the highlands of Timor and Flores in the early mornings.
Sumba: Lewa, Langgarilu National Park, Manurara National Park and Yumbu. Timor: Bipolo, Camplong, Oel Nasi, Gunung Muttis and Fatumnasi. Roti: Sotomori. Flores: Golo Lusang, Ranamese and Potawangka. Komodo: Komodo National Park.

With Albert Lowe, Dick Byrne, Weil Poelmans, Michael Frost, Kevin Pickering, Jim Brettell and James Eaton in the Lesser Sundas. With Richard Carden in Singapore. This trip, a seventh to Indonesia, was the Bird Tour Asia Lesser Sundas tour targeting the endemics and specialities. The island of Roti was added for the first time in order to look for Roti Boobook.

Itinerary

20 Jul. Silk Air from Chiang Mai to Singapore and overnight in Singapore.

21 Jul. Using the opportunity of a stopover in Singapore en route to Bali, early morning with Richard Carden to the Botanical Gardens. This was an attempt to break a string of three previous visits dipping on Red-legged Crake. We arrived just before first light, and started at an area a short walk from the restaurants. Amazingly the first bird we saw, in the early gloom, was a Red-legged Crake wandering along the edge of a walkway and feeding under one of the low lamps. It remained along the edge quite at ease with the early morning joggers for a a minute or so before moving off into the undergrowth. Despite more searching we failed to find it again. The next hour was passed walking around the gardens, with some highlights including Oriental Pied Hornbill, Large-tailed Nightjar, Common Flameback, Common Hill Myna and Pink-necked Green Pigeon. Overnight in Singapore.

22 Jul. Some evening birding with the primary aim of looking for Singapore Scops Owl - the cnephaeus form of Sunda Scops Owl near Ris Park. Unfortunately not even heard so gave up and went to the botanical gardens for dinner. During the subsequent walk through the botanical gardens we had a couple calling from the Rainforest Trail but after a few calls they shut up and we searched in vain.

23 Jul. Air Asia Indonesia from Singapore to Bali left 45 minutes late. On arrival, the long queues and heavy traffic, due to airport reconstruction, meant arrival at the Harris Hotel right next to airport took a couple of hours.

24 Jul. Merpati flight to Waingapu on Sumba left only 30 minutes late at 10:45, arriving 12:15. Lunch in town at Mr. Cafe, and then an hour or so drive along the cross-island highway where we stopped and walked across the limestone hills into forest. Fairly hot so little bird activity until late afternoon. In clearings and forest edge Chestnut-backed Thrush, Red-naped Fruit Dove, Sumba Brown Flycatcher, Green Imperial Pigeon, Pale-winged Cicadabird and several Elegant Pitta heard. At dusk we waited for the calls of Little Sumba Hawk-Owl and had a pair flying around, but never perching in view. On the return hike a couple of Mees's Nightjar seen in flight. Continued to Ferdinand's Hone Stay in Lewa - another 25 minutes drive. Simple but clean, and a pleasant place to stay.

25 Jul. An 04:30 breakfast and into the forest along the highway west of Lewa. As this is part of the Langgarilu National Park a local guide was required to watch us - although he only turned up after 08:00. Birded along the road all morning. Like birding along many roads in Indonesia this is not a particularly peaceful place with a succession of trucks, busses and motorcycles all of which insist on beeping the horn loudly. Despite this, some excellent birds found including a pair of Sumba Hornbill, Sumba Boobook, Metallic Pigeon, Sumba Flycatcher, Sumba Jungle Flycatcher and Sumba Myzomela. Many calling Elegant Pitta in this area which eventually seen well, plus a couple of flyover Marigold Lorikeet. After lunch and a short siesta we walked into the fields behind the homestay. A half hour hack over the dry stubble produced Short-toed Eagle, Black-winged Kite, Red Avadavat, Paddyfield Pipit and Horsfield's Bush Lark but not the hoped for Pale-headed Munia. A very unexpected bonus was good flight views of a flushed Sumba Buttonquail. Thereafter we proceeded to return to the same area as yesterday evening where some new species for the list included Wallacean Cuckooshrike and Rusty-breasted Cuckoo. Some nice perched views of Red-naped Fruit Dove, and after dark some much better views of Little Sumba Hawk-Owl. Dinner and overnight at the homestay.

26 Jul. Breakfast at the unimaginable time of 03:30 followed by an 04:00 departure to drive the two hours to Manurara National Park. Here. with one of the rangers, walked to the forest edge and in the early morning light had several Sumba Green Pigeon and a pair of Sumba Hornbill in a fruiting tree.

Sumba
Searching for Sumba Cockatoo

Over the next four hours, and a general exploration of the area, with much time spent atop a hill with a great panoramic view, we had several Sumba Cockatoo, Eclectus Parrot, Great-billed Parrot, Red-cheeked Parrot and Marigold Lorikeet. On the return stopped off again at the fruiting three where at least ten Sumba Green Pigeon were seen along with Chestnut-backed Thrush, Pale-winged Cicadabird and Wallacean Cuckooshrike. Two hour drove back to Lewa, lunch and again into the field out back. Again no Pale-headed Munia. Returned to the forest we'd visited yesterday morning finding Sumba Jungle Flycatcher, Black-faced Munia, Sumba Flycatcher, Pale-shouldered Cicadabird and much the same as previously. Overnight at Ferdinand's homestay again.

27 Jul. A lie in till 05:00 then out to the Langgarilu National Park again. Some time spent sitting in the understorey gave us good views of Sumba Flycatcher and Elegant Pitta. For the rest of the morning Sumba Hornbill, Pale-shouldered Cicadabird and Spectacled Monarch were the main highlights. Lunch at the homestay then drive back to Waingapu where we checked in to the Hotel Elvin - nothing much there to write home about, but probably the best place in town. From 15:00-17:00 in the grasslands west of town for a buttonquail march, and where we had at least 20 Sumba Buttonquail, Brown Quail and Spotted Harrier. Last hour of light spent at Yumbu Lake, finding Hardhead (a vagrant to Indonesia), Pied Heron, Javan Plover, many Pacific Black Duck, Australian Swamphen, large numbers of Pale-headed Munia and, at dusk, Savanna Nightjar. Dinner at Mr. Cafe again.

28 Jul. Forty minutes Back to Yumbu Lake for a shortish visit, where we scanned the grassy reeds seeing immature Swamp Harrier, Spotless Crake, Baillon's Crake, Cinnamon Bittern, Australian Reed Warbler, Long-toed Stint, Javan Plover and Australian Pratincole. Back to hotel, pack and to Mr. cafe again as flight rescheduled to 13:30. Flight eventually left at 13:45, arriving on Timor at 15:15. Met by drivers and vans and off to Bipolo, about 50 kilometres away, with the drive taking just over an hour. The main target here was Timor Sparrow, but a couple of hours were unfruitful in locating it. However some other highlights included Tricoloured Parrotfinch, Timor Boobook, Timor Blue Flycatcher, White-faced Heron, Australian Hobby, and, what was presumed to be an escapee, Yellow-crested Cockatoo. Overnight at the Kristal Hotel, which was fine.

29 Jul. To the port for the fast ferry, which left 20 minutes late, at 09:20. A very comfortable ferry ride of just over two hours to Roti where met by local vehicles. Drove to the Hotel Tiberias a few kilometres away from town, a quick lunch and then a tortuous two hour drive in an enormous loop to the village of Sotomori. Despite being rather windy the area held some good birds including Black Dove, Timor Figbird, Orange-sided Thrush and the undescribed Phylloscopus Roti Leaf Warbler. At dusk we returned to the village and waited for Roti Boobook, which came in exactly where the villagers had indicated. This is a distinct looking boobook, somewhat like Little Sumba Hawk-Owl, but sounding similar to Sumba Boobook. Another two hour drive back.

Palms on Roti
Palms on Roti

30 Jul. Very early start, back to area close to Sotomori village where we'd seen some decent looking habitat the day before. Tree cutting along the road, without apparent reason, is very noticeable on Roti. We walked the road at a slightly higher area, with the intention of looking for parrots and pigeons, and were rewarded with Olive-shouldered Parrot. Also Timor Stubtail, Timor Oriole, Black Dove and flyover Pink-headed Imperial Pigeon. The open habitat here heated up quickly. We finished mid morning with a look at one of the small lakes passed en route, which surprisingly held 50 Australian Pelican, Red-capped Plover, Malaysian Plover, Indonesia Collared Dove, and a few additional assorted waders. A dash back to the ferry which amazingly left ten minutes early - how is that possible in Indonesia? Once back on Timor we had another session at Bipolo, but again failed for find Timor Sparrow, due mainly to wind, but did see Black-faced Cuckooshrike, Royal Spoonbill, Black-masked Wood Swallow and 1,000 or more Five-coloured Munia. Overnight at Kristal Hotel.

31 Jul. Off at 04:45 for yet another, last gasp, attempt at Timor Sparrow at Bipolo, but this time with a calm and clear morning. After 30 minutes of general scanning, adding only Lesser Coucal, a few Timor Sparrow were found to our great relief. Further searching eventually revealed at least 15, feeding mostly with Scaly-breasted Munia. Continued to a watershed protection, and a couple of hours walking through open forest produced Spot-breasted Heleia and Black-banded Flycatcher. Heard Buff-banded Bushbird but had no success in seeing it. Headed to Soe, and then and then to private land at Camplong. Nice forest, with the Buff-banded Bushbird quite common and giving excellent views. A fruitful afternoon with a single Timor Sparrow, more Buff-banded Bushbird, Bar-necked Cuckoo-Dove, Black-faced Munia and, after dark, Timor Boobook and the undescribed Timor Nightjar.

Bipolo
Fields at Bipolo

1 Aug. 03:45 departure up the terrible road to Gunung Muttis. Lost 20 minutes on way up due to a puncture. Some sections are now in poor condition and, with our Kijang two wheel drive, required three attempts to make it. Arrived at the top at 06:30, where cold and windy but clear. We walked a trail through open eucalypt forest with long stops en route. Flame-eared Honeyeater everywhere as well as Island Thrush. One of the highlights was excellent views of the distinctive wren-babbler, currently classified as the Timor form of Pygmy Wren-babbler, but is so distinctive that close study would almost certainly split it.

Arrived back at the car 14:00 and lunch in the field. We decided to head lower to look for Iris Lorikeet, but on arrival discovered thick mist, and a walk produced little of note other than a distant Sunda Cuckoo heard.

2 Aug. Back up the terrible road again at 04:00, and back to the spot where we'd finished previously; this time to fine weather. A walk here did produce Iris Lorikeet, but only a pair that passed so fast and distantly they remained unseen. The best birds included Little Pied Flycatcher, Orange-sided Thrush, Black-backed Fruit Dove and the rarely found Olive-shouldered Parrot. Return to Kupang town and the Kristal Hotel.

Gunung Muttis view
Gunung Muttis view

During our time on Timor we also encountered what would appear to be a new taxon of parrotfinch. Details.

3 Aug. The 06:00 flight to Ruteng was on time, with us arriving to stunning weather which at 1,300 metres was cool, bright and clear. First off, a trip up Golo Lusang. Heard Dark-backed Imperial Pigeon and had great looks at Bare-throated Whistler, Cream-browed Ibon, Thick-billed Heleia and Flores Jungle Flycatcher. The weather clouded over around 12:00 so drove to Kisol, where we checked into the memorable seminary. Late afternoon in forest south of the village. Generally very quiet, but with persistence we saw Flores Crow, Elegant Pitta and Glittering Kingfisher. After dark along the road - now widened due to sand/gravel extraction upcoming - we got lucky with a perched Wallace's Scops Owl and Mees's Nightjar as well as flight views of Moluccan Scops Owl.

4 Aug. Left at 05:45 - a real lie in - and back into same forest. A cool morning, during which we walked the road for maybe a couple of kilometres. Chestnut-capped Thrush, Golden-rumped Flowerpecker, Black-fronted Flowerpecker, Elegant Pitta, Flores Minivet and Flores Crow being the highlights. Back for lunch, and then out again at 14:45 for another session. Much the same as yesterday, and really quiet, but a fruiting tree (which we had passed in the morning) held a small group of Flores Green Pigeon, was a real bonus. Other new species along here included Black-naped Monarch, Golden-bellied Gerygone and Spectacled Monarch. At dusk we had short views of Moluccan Scops Owl and Mees's Nightjar.

5 Aug. Left Kisol early at 03:00 to arrive at Lake Ranamese, a Flores Scops Owl site, by 04:15. Walked no more than 100 metres from the vehicle and heard a softly calling scops owl very close to the road. Despite crawling into the forest beneath the tree it was calling from, we failed to see it due to it being in the upper canopy, the thick undergrowth and the very ventriloquial voice. After an hour it stopped calling and we gave up. A further search farther up the road was unsuccessful before day break. After breakfast in the field we headed downhill along the road seeing, Crested Ibon, Cream-browed Ibon, Scaly-crowned Honeyeater and Sunda Cuckoo. Once the traffic became busy we headed farther uphill to walk along the road in open eucalyptus trees in the hope of finding Flores Lorikeet, but were not successful. Drove to Ruteng and checked in to the Kongregasi Santa Maria Berdukacita - a convent. Lunch in town. At 14:30 up to Golo Lusang where another session along the noisy road produced Flores Shortwing and, the hoped for, Leaf Lorikeet. Drove back to Lake Ranamese and spent a couple of hours in various bits of the forest, at clearings, and hacking through undergrowth with little success. Only one calling Flores Scops Owl which flew off well before we reached it. Definitely a frustrating bird.

6 Aug. Left 04:00 back to Lake Ranamese. An hour was spent at lower sections of the road but with absolutely no scops owl at all vocal. After dawn drove to a different area north of Ruteng, where we walked the main road - less busy than others of late - and in three hours had calling Dark-backed Imperial Pigeon, Thick-billed Heleia, Crested Ibon and Rufous-chested Flycatcher (a personal milestone - 8,000th bird). At 15:00 back to Gunung Lusang where we descended lower in search of Wallace's Hanging Parrot which we didn't find. Good views of Dark-backed Imperial Pigeon, but little else. After dark a walk heard at least three calling Flores Scops Owl but failed to see any of them due to accessibility problems and number of cars honking horns.

7 Aug. A last 03:30 breakfast and back for the scops owl. A couple of calling birds, but again we failed due to vegetation and inaccessibility. Drove to Puarlolo in a couple of hours. Here we found the Flores Monarch in about 15 minutes. On to Labuanbajo and the Komodo Eco Lodge - a pleasant place. At 14:30 we visited Potawangka, and in a couple of hours had two Wallace's Hanging Parrot flyovers, but not great views. Other species included Flores Minivet, Green Imperial Pigeon and Elegant Pitta.

Komodo Sign
Welcome to Komodo

8 Aug. A veritable lie in, with breakfast at 05:15. Speed boat to Komodo from 06:00 to 07:00, after which we walked the Long Loop Trail in the Komodo National Park World Heritage Site, with species of note such as Yellow-crested Cockatoo, Green Jungefowl, Indonesian Collared Dove and Variable Goshawk.

Komodo view
Dry Komodo habitat

After almost completing the walk a female Komodo Dragon found. On exiting the trail found several male Komodo Dragon lounging around and under the ranger station. Unfortunately photography difficult due to time of day and strongly contrasting light. Boat back to Labuanbajo and then Potawangka for another attempt at the hanging parrot, but none seen. A stroll on the beach for sunset photos was disappointing - birds included Little Black Cormorant, Sunda Teal and Whimbrel.

Komodo Dragon
Komodo Dragon

Labuanbajo sunset
Labuanbajo sunset

9 Aug. Back to Potawangka for one last attempt at Wallace's Hanging Parrot. A beautiful early morning atop a rise in the road with a fair view. In an hour we had really good views of Wallace's Hanging Parrot, Flores Hawk-Eagle, Flores Crow, Flame-breasted Sunbird and Black-naped Oriole. Returned to the accommodation, checked out and headed to airport for 11:00 flight to Bali, which left ten minutes early. Connection to Singapore and overnight there.

10 Aug. Silk Air flight to Chiang Mai.

Gallery

Further scenic, people, places and travel images from this trip can be found here.

Species List

Taxonomy and nomenclature follow IOU/IOC World Bird List, version 3.1 (2012). However, a fair number of highly distinctive regional taxa, that are strong candidates for specific status, are included and indicated by trinomial scientific names.

  Singapore  
  Red Junglefowl Gallus gallus
  Wandering Whistling Duck Dendrocygna arcuata
  Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
  Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
  Red-legged Crake Rallina fasciata
  White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
  Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis
  Pink-necked Green Pigeon Treron vernans
  Tanimbar Corella Cacatua goffiniana
  Red-breasted Parakeet Psittacula alexandri
  Long-tailed Parakeet Psittacula longicauda
  Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis
  Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus
  Singapore Scops Owl Otus lempiji cnephaeus
  Large-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus macrurus
  Germain's Swiftlet Aerodramus germani
  White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis
  Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris
  Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris
  Common Flameback Dinopium javanense
  Common Iora Aegithina tiphia
  Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis
  Yellow-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus goiavier
  Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica
  Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius
  Ashy Tailorbird Orthotomus ruficeps
  Pin-striped Tit-Babbler Macronus gularis
  Asian Glossy Starling Aplonis panayensis
  Common Hill Myna Gracula religiosa
  Javan Myna Acridotheres javanicus
  Common Myna Acridotheres tristis
  Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker Dicaeum cruentatum
  Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis
  Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
  Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata
     
  Sumba  
  Orange-footed Scrubfowl Megapodius reinwardt
  Brown Quail Coturnix ypsilophora
  Green Junglefowl Gallus varius
  Wandering Whistling Duck Dendrocygna arcuata
  Pacific Black Duck Anas superciliosa
  Sunda Teal Anas gibberifrons
  Hardhead Aythya australis
  Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
  Javan Pond Heron Ardeola speciosa
  Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus (ibis) coromandus
  Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
  Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
  Eastern Great Egret Ardea alba modesta
  Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia
  Pied Heron Egretta picata
  Little Egret Egretta garzetta
  Little Black Cormorant Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
  Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus
  Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus
  Black Kite Milvus migrans
  Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus
  Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus
  Swamp Harrier Circus approximans
  Spotted Harrier Circus assimilis
  Brown Goshawk Accipiter fasciatus
  Spotted Kestrel Falco moluccensis
  Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla
  Spotless Crake Porzana tabuensis
  Australian Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio melanotus
  Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
  Sumba Buttonquail Turnix everetti
  White-headed Stilt Himantopus leucocephalus
  Javan Plover Charadrius javanicus
  Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
  Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
  Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta
  Australian Pratincole Stiltia isabella
  Metallic Pigeon Columba vitiensis
  Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis
  Ruddy Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia emiliana
  Little Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia ruficeps
  Common Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica
  Barred Dove Geopelia maugeus
  Sumba Green Pigeon Treron teysmannii
  Red-naped Fruit Dove Ptilinopus dohertyi
  Black-naped Fruit Dove Ptilinopus melanospilus
  Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea
  Sumba Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata
  Marigold Lorikeet Trichoglossus capistratus
  Red-cheeked Parrot Geoffroyus geoffroyi
  Eclectus Parrot Eclectus roratus
  Pacific Koel Eudynamys orientalis
  Shining Bronze Cuckoo Chrysococcyx lucidus
  Rusty-breasted Cuckoo Cacomantis sepulcralis
  Eastern Barn Owl Tyto delicatula
  Sumba Boobook Ninox rudolfi
  Little Sumba Hawk-Owl Ninox sumbaensis
  Mees's Nightjar Caprimulgus meesi
  Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis
  Cave Swiftlet Collocalia linchi
  Edible-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus fuciphaga
  Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris
  Sacred Kingfisher Todiramphus sanctus
  Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher Todiramphus australasia
  Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus
  Rainbow Bee-eater Merops ornatus
  Sumba Hornbill Rhyticeros everetti
  Elegant Pitta Pitta elegans
  Helmeted Friarbird Philemon buceroides
  Indonesian Honeyeater Lichmera limbata
  Sumba Myzomela Myzomela dammermani
  White-breasted Woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus
  Wallacean Cuckooshrike Coracina personata
  Pale-shouldered Cicadabird Coracina dohertyi
  Rusty-breasted Whistler Pachycephala fulvotincta
  Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis
  Lesser Wallacean Drongo Dicrurus densus bimaensis
  Arafura Fantail Rhipidura dryas
  Blyth's Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone affinis
  Spectacled Monarch Symposiachrus trivirgatus
  Broad-billed Flycatcher Myiagra ruficollis
  Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos
  Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis
  Cinereous Tit Parus cinereus
  Horsfield's Bush Lark Mirafra javanica
  Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica
  Striated Swallow Cecropis striolata
  Australian Reed Warbler Acrocephalus australis
  Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis
  Yellow-ringed White-eye Zosterops wallacei
  Ashy-bellied White-eye Zosterops citrinella
  Short-tailed Starling Aplonis minor
  Javan Myna Acridotheres javanicus
  Chestnut-backed Thrush Geokichla dohertyi
  Pied Bush Chat Saxicola caprata
  Sumba Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias oscillans
  Sumba Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa segregata
  Sumba Flycatcher Ficedula harterti
  Thick-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum agile
  Sumba Flowerpecker Dicaeum sanguinolentum wilhelminae
  Brown-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis
  Apricot-breasted Sunbird Cinnyris buettikoferi
  Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
  Red Avadavat Amandava amandava
  Zebra Finch Taeniopygia guttata
  Javan Munia Lonchura leucogastroides
  Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata
  Pale-headed Munia Lonchura pallida
  Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus
     
  Roti  
  Sunda Teal Anas gibberifrons
  Little Egret Egretta garzetta
  Australian Pelican Pelecanus conspicillatus
  Brown Booby Sula leucogaster
  White-bellied Sea Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster
  White-headed Stilt Himantopus leucocephalus
  Red-capped Plover Charadrius ruficapillus
  Malaysian Plover Charadrius peronii
  Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
  Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
  Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
  Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis
  Australian Pratincole Stiltia isabella
  Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii
  Little Tern Sternula albifrons
  Black-naped Tern Sterna sumatrana
  Indonesian Collared Dove Streptopelia bitorquata
  Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis
  Black Dove Turacoena modesta
  Pacific Emerald Dove Chalcophaps longirostris
  Zebra Dove Geopelia striata
  Rose-crowned Fruit Dove Ptilinopus regina
  Pink-headed Imperial Pigeon Ducula rosacea
  Olive-shouldered Parrot Aprosmictus jonquillaceus
  Roti Boobook Ninox boobook rotiensis
  Savanna Nightjar Caprimulgus affinis
  Timor Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta neglecta
  Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris
  Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
  Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus
  Rainbow Bee-eater Merops ornatus
  Timor Friarbird Philemon inornatus
  Helmeted Friarbird Philemon buceroides
  Indonesian Honeyeater Lichmera limbata
  Streak-breasted Honeyeater Meliphaga reticulata
  Plain Gerygone Gerygone inornata
  Wallacean Cuckooshrike Coracina personata
  White-shouldered Triller Lalage sueurii
  Fawn-breasted Whistler Pachycephala orpheus
  Timor Oriole Oriolus melanotis
  Northern Fantail Rhipidura rufiventris
  Broad-billed Flycatcher Myiagra ruficollis
  Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica
  Timor Stubtail Urosphena subulata
  Roti Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus presbytes ssp
  Ashy-bellied White-eye Zosterops citrinella
  Orange-sided Thrush Geokichla peronii
  Pied Bush Chat Saxicola caprata
  Timor Bush Chat Saxicola gutturalis
  Timor Blue Flycatcher Cyornis hyacinthinus
  Blue-cheeked Flowerpecker Dicaeum maugei
  Flame-breasted Sunbird Cinnyris solaris
  Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
  Zebra Finch Taeniopygia guttata
  Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus
     
  Timor  
  Royal Spoonbill Platalea regia
  Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus
  Eastern Great Egret Ardea alba modesta
  Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia
  White-faced Heron Egretta novaehollandiae
  Little Egret Egretta garzetta
  Little Pied Cormorant Microcarbo melanoleucos
  Little Black Cormorant Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
  Pacific Baza Aviceda subcristata
  Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus
  Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus
  Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus
  Brown Goshawk Accipiter fasciatus
  Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata
  Spotted Kestrel Falco moluccensis
  Australian Hobby Falco longipennis
  White-headed Stilt Himantopus leucocephalus
  Australian Pratincole Stiltia isabella
  Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis
  Bar-necked Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia magna
  Black-backed Fruit Dove Ptilinopus cinctus
  Rose-crowned Fruit Dove Ptilinopus regina
  Olive-shouldered Parrot Aprosmictus jonquillaceus
  Olive-headed Lorikeet Trichoglossus euteles
  Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis
  Gould's Bronze Cuckoo Chrysococcyx minutillus russatus
  Brush Cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus
  Sunda Cuckoo Cuculus lepidus
  Timor Boobook Ninox plesseni
  Timor Nightjar Caprimulgus sp.
  Timor Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta neglecta
  Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris
  Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus
  Rainbow Bee-eater Merops ornatus
  Timor Friarbird Philemon inornatus
  Indonesian Honeyeater Lichmera limbata
  Flame-eared Honeyeater Lichmera flavicans
  Black-breasted Myzomela Myzomela vulnerata
  Streak-breasted Honeyeater Meliphaga reticulata
  Plain Gerygone Gerygone inornata
  Black-faced Woodswallow Artamus cinereus
  Wallacean Cuckooshrike Coracina personata
  Black-faced Cuckooshrike Coracina novaehollandiae
  White-shouldered Triller Lalage sueurii
  Fawn-breasted Whistler Pachycephala orpheus
  Yellow-throated Whistler Pachycephala macrorhyncha
  Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach
  Green Figbird Sphecotheres viridis
  Timor Oriole Oriolus melanotis
  Greater Wallacean Drongo Dicrurus densus
  Northern Fantail Rhipidura rufiventris
  Arafura Fantail Rhipidura dryas
  Large-billed Crow Corvus macrorhynchos
  Sooty-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster
  Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica
  Striated Swallow Cecropis striolata
  Tree Martin Petrochelidon nigricans
  Timor Wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla timorensis
  Sunda Bush Warbler Horornis vulcanius
  Timor Stubtail Urosphena subulata
  Timor Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus presbytes
  Buff-banded Bushbird Buettikoferella bivittata
  Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis
  Spot-breasted Heleia Heleia muelleri
  Mountain White-eye Zosterops montanus
  Ashy-bellied White-eye Zosterops citrinella
  Javan Myna Acridotheres javanicus
  Chestnut-backed Thrush Geokichla dohertyi
  Orange-sided Thrush Geokichla peronii
  Island Thrush Turdus poliocephalus
  Pied Bush Chat Saxicola caprata
  Timor Bush Chat Saxicola gutturalis
  Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra
  Black-banded Flycatcher Ficedula timorensis
  Timor Blue Flycatcher Cyornis hyacinthinus
  Blue-cheeked Flowerpecker Dicaeum maugei
  Blood-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum sanguinolentum
  Flame-breasted Sunbird Cinnyris solaris
  Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
  Zebra Finch Taeniopygia guttata
  Tricoloured Parrotfinch Erythrura tricolor
  Timor Parrotfinch Erythrura sp.
  Black-faced Munia Lonchura molucca
  Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata
  Five-coloured Munia Lonchura quinticolor
  Timor Sparrow Lonchura fuscata
  Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus
     
  Flores  
  Orange-footed Scrubfowl Megapodius reinwardt
  Green Junglefowl Gallus varius
  Pacific Black Duck Anas superciliosa
  Sunda Teal Anas gibberifrons
  Little Egret Egretta garzetta
  Pacific Reef Heron Egretta sacra
  Little Black Cormorant Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
  Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata
  Flores Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus floris
  Variable Goshawk Accipiter hiogaster
  Spotted Kestrel Falco moluccensis
  White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus
  Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
  Lesser Sand Plover Charadrius mongolus
  Greater Sand Plover Charadrius leschenaultii
  Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
  Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii
  Metallic Pigeon Columba vitiensis
  Barred Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia unchall
  Ruddy Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia emiliana
  Common Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica
  Flores Green Pigeon Treron floris
  Black-backed Fruit Dove Ptilinopus cinctus
  Black-naped Fruit Dove Ptilinopus melanospilus
  Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea
  Dark-backed Imperial Pigeon Ducula lacernulata
  Wallace's Hanging Parrot Loriculus flosculus
  Leaf Lorikeet Trichoglossus weberi
  Red-cheeked Parrot Geoffroyus geoffroyi
  Great-billed Parrot Tanygnathus megalorynchos
  Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis
  Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus
  Gould's Bronze Cuckoo Chrysococcyx minutillus russatus
  Rusty-breasted Cuckoo Cacomantis sepulcralis
  Sunda Cuckoo Cuculus lepidus
  Flores Scops Owl Otus alfredi
  Wallace's Scops Owl Otus silvicola
  Moluccan Scops Owl Otus magicus
  Mees's Nightjar Caprimulgus meesi
  Cave Swiftlet Collocalia linchi
  Edible-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus fuciphaga
  Glittering Kingfisher Caridonax fulgidus
  Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris
  Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus
  Rainbow Bee-eater Merops ornatus
  Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos moluccensis
  Elegant Pitta Pitta elegans
  Helmeted Friarbird Philemon buceroides
  Scaly-crowned Honeyeater Lichmera lombokia
  Golden-bellied Gerygone Gerygone sulphurea
  Pale-shouldered Cicadabird Coracina dohertyi
  Flores Minivet Pericrocotus lansbergei
  Rusty-breasted Whistler Pachycephala fulvotincta
  Bare-throated Whistler Pachycephala nudigula
  Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis
  Lesser Wallacean Drongo Dicrurus densus bimaensis
  Brown-capped Fantail Rhipidura diluta
  Arafura Fantail Rhipidura dryas
  Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea
  Blyth's Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone affinis
  Flores Monarch Symposiachrus sacerdotum
  Spectacled Monarch Symposiachrus trivirgatus
  Flores Crow Corvus florensis
  Cinereous Tit Parus cinereus
  Pygmy Wren-babbler Pnoepyga pusilla
  Mountain Tailorbird Phyllergates cuculatus
  Russet-capped Tesia Tesia everetti
  Flores Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus presbytes floris
  Yellow-breasted Warbler Seicercus montis
  Cream-browed Ibon Lophozosterops superciliaris
  Crested Ibon Lophozosterops dohertyi
  Thick-billed Heleia Heleia crassirostris
  Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus
  Mountain White-eye Zosterops montanus
  Yellow-ringed White-eye Zosterops wallacei
  Lemon-bellied White-eye Zosterops chloris
  Short-tailed Starling Aplonis minor
  Chestnut-capped Thrush Geokichla interpres
  Chestnut-backed Thrush Geokichla dohertyi
  Flores Shortwing Brachypteryx montana floris
  Pied Bush Chat Saxicola caprata
  Flores Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias oscillans
  Snowy-browed Flycatcher Ficedula hyperythra
  Rufous-chested Flycatcher Ficedula dumetoria
  Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni
  Thick-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum agile
  Golden-rumped Flowerpecker Dicaeum annae
  Black-fronted Flowerpecker Dicaeum igniferum
  Blue-cheeked Flowerpecker Dicaeum maugei
  Blood-breasted Flowerpecker Dicaeum sanguinolentum
  Brown-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis
  Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis
  Flame-breasted Sunbird Cinnyris solaris
  Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
  Tawny-breasted Parrotfinch Erythrura hyperythra
  Black-faced Munia Lonchura molucca
     
  Komodo  
  Orange-footed Scrubfowl Megapodius reinwardt
  Green Junglefowl Gallus varius
  Great Frigatebird Fregata minor
  Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel
  Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus
  White-bellied Sea Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster
  Variable Goshawk Accipiter hiogaster
  Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata
  Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
  Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii
  Indonesian Collared Dove Streptopelia bitorquata
  Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis
  Common Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica
  Barred Dove Geopelia maugeus
  Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea
  Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea
  Red-cheeked Parrot Geoffroyus geoffroyi
  Great-billed Parrot Tanygnathus megalorynchos
  Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus
  Cave Swiftlet Collocalia linchi
  Edible-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus fuciphaga
  Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris
  Blue-tailed Bee-eater Merops philippinus
  Rainbow Bee-eater Merops ornatus
  Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker Dendrocopos moluccensis
  Elegant Pitta Pitta elegans
  Helmeted Friarbird Philemon buceroides
  Wallacean Cuckooshrike Coracina personata
  Rusty-breasted Whistler Pachycephala fulvotincta
  Lesser Wallacean Drongo Dicrurus densus bimaensis
  Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea
  Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus
  Lemon-bellied White-eye Zosterops chloris
  Black-fronted Flowerpecker Dicaeum igniferum
  Brown-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis
  Flame-breasted Sunbird Cinnyris solaris