Birding Borneo: 12-23 Sep 2012






12-23 September 2012.
Generally hot and humid. Variable amounts of rain in the lowlands, often very heavy.
Kinabalu National Park, Rafflesia Information Centre, Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary and Danum Valley Field Centre.

With Richard Carden. This trip was thrown together at short notice due to us finding ourselves with a couple of weeks free, coupled with the temptation of recent sightings of Everett's Thrush at Kinabalu National Park. Although in the short term, due to the high season timing, we had some headaches arranging access, booking accommodation, flights and transportation, all eventually fell into place with a couple of days spare. All arrangements were made privately via the Internet with a healthy dose of chasing by telephone. With us both previously having visited some areas of Borneo, we had a scattered and bitty combined target list. With this in mind we split the time equally between Kinabalu, Kinabatangan and Danum. Although accommodation was available at the Borneo Rainforest Lodge in Danum, we couldn't justify the expense of two nights there for more than twice the price of four nights at the Field Centre.


12 Sep. Took Air Asia from Chiang Mai to Kuala Lumpur with onward connection to Kota Kinabalu, where met up with Richard who had arrived earlier from Singapore, and already visited Rafflesia Information Centre seeing Bornean Bulbul - one of our targets. We left the airport about 18:45 and arrived at Pine Resorts, a few kilometres beyond Kinabalu, around 21:00. Fortunately dinner was still just about available.

Pine Resorts

We stayed at Pine Resorts on the recommendation of others. Due to booking at short notice we had to choose the "superior" room. The staff were helpful, rooms fine with hot shower and WiFi Internet in the room. Our verdict was very positive overall and we'd certainly stay again. We took the option to pre-book breakfast and dinner as the cost was very reasonable. However, although the dinners were OK we thought they were rather insubstantial. It might have been better to eat at one of the roadside restaurants en route back to the hotel after birding. Beer was not served in the restaurant, and only available in the karaoke bar after restaurant closing hours. Breakfast we skipped, as we departed each morning before available.


Golden-naped Barbet
Golden-naped Barbet

13 Sep. A mildly disastrous start to the day. First off we'd miscalculated sunrise incorrectly and consequently set alarms late. Then Richard discovered, he'd used the wrong contact lens fluid the previous night by half blinding himself putting lens disinfectant in his eye early morning; coupled with consequently ruining a pair of contact lenses in the process. Then, to make matters worse, we discovered some idiot had parked directly behind our car totally blocking us in. Leaning on the horn made no difference and we had to contact reception to phone the nice person who'd parked behind us. Naturally we congratulated him on his intelligence when he bowled up bleary eyed and still suffering a hangover. We hoped it really hurt.

Chestnut-hooded Laughingthrush
Chestnut-hooded Laughingthrush

Once at Kinabalu National Park we headed directly to the Bukit Ular Trail to hunt for Everett's Thrush. Walked the trail both ways early morning but no sign. We then tried the Silau Silau Trail before taking a late breakfast at the restaurant, where Indigo Flycatcher almost joined us at the table.

Indigo Flycatcher
Indigo Flycatcher

Mountain Wren-Babbler
Mountain Wren-Babbler

Yellow-breasted Warbler
Yellow-breasted Warbler

Whitehead's Spiderhunter
Whitehead's Spiderhunter

We then tried the Mempening Trail and part of the Liwagu Trail but little seen. It's noticeable how many birds are ringed at Kinabalu, so birding here was almost like birding in an aviary. Later in the afternoon we walked the longer Pandanas Trail and Kiau View Trail which were mostly birdless until we ran into a good flock containing Bornean Green Magpie, Sunda Laughingthrush, Chestnut-hooded Laughingthrush, Bare-headed Laughingthrush, Bornean Treepie and Checker-throated Woodpecker. Late afternoon just before dusk we again walked the Bukit Ular Trail, this time seeing a pair of Everett's Thrush briefly feeding on the trail plus hearing a number of calling Crimson-headed Partridge.

14 Sep. Into the park at first light - on yesterday's ticket which we discovered was valid for three days. As weather overcast and dull we worked areas outside the forest near the HQ, seeing Black-sided Flowerpecker, Dark-sided Flycatcher, Little Cuckoo-Dove and Black-capped White-eye but little else. Around 07:00 entered the forest and started on the Liwagu Trail. The plan was to spend time on the lower trails nearer the HQ as most sightings of Whitehead's Trogon and Whitehead's Broadbill appear to be from this area. However this didn't work out as planned.

On walking the bottom section of the Liwagu Trail, along the river, the habitat looked good and although we saw little, after a couple of kilometres we found a family group of Whitehead's Trogon. So at this point we decided to continue walking the trail, which in retrospect was a terrible idea. We saw virtually no birds on the next four kilometres and the last kilometre - a steep uphill slog - put us at the power station with another 4.5 kilometres back to the HQ. En route, along the main road, was a fair selection of the usual birds but with a highlight in the form of a single Whitehead's Spiderhunter about half way back. Finally arrived back at the park gate around 13:30 where we took the restaurant buffet lunch, which is good value as you can sit and drink coffee and eat donuts after for the same price of 50 RM. Around 15:00 we dragged ourselves away of spent the rest of the afternoon on lower trails near the HQ seeing absolutely nothing. Overnight again at the Pine Resorts. Rain overnight, some very heavy.

15 Sep. Left 05:30 and drove one and half hours to the Rafflesia Information Centre. Cool and overcast. Started with a walk near main office, with a number of Mountain Barbet and a pair of Bornean Bulbul, but no sign of the hoped for Bornean Barbet. Drove down to the waterfall around the Km 20 marker and walked the road up, spending a couple of hours spent here. Despite a good fruiting tree holding Brown Barbet, Cinereous Bulbul, Crimson-winged Woodpecker and Mountain Barbet, again no Bornean Barbet. A calling Dark Hawk-Cuckoo could not be encouraged into view. Drove back to airport and dropped car around 13:00. Flight to Sandakan where met by Robert Chong and his driver.

Buffy Fish Owl
Buffy Fish Owl

A two hour drive to Sakau and 20 minutes on the river to arrive well after dark at Kinabatangan Jungle Camp. En route we had a close Buffy Fish Owl, and in the camp a superb pair of Brown Wood Owl. Heavy rain overnight.

Brown Wood Owl
Brown Wood Owl

Kinabatangan Jungle Camp

Like most birders, we stayed at Robert Chong's accommodation on the river and used Robert as our local bird guide. We enjoyed our stay here immensely. The rooms have hot showers, 24 hour electricity, fans and are very comfortable. Internet not available but a telephone signal can be obtained by walking to the river bank. The food here was the best of our trip. Birds in the garden included Storm's Stork, Brown Wood Owl and Moustached Hawk-Cuckoo. Highly recommended. Robert himself knows the local birds and how to see the Bornean Ground Cuckoo.

Storm's Stork
Storm's Stork

16 Sep. On the river around 06:30 and headed downstream. The first bird of the day was a pair of fly over Storm's Stork - a great start. A side tributary on the right had Stump-tailed Macaque and Probiscus Monkey. Spent the next hour working slowly up river seeing several Wallace's Hawk-Eagle and Blue-eared Kingfisher. We then took a narrow tributary and did a slow, almost silent, cruise for a couple of kilometres. A calling Giant Pitta did not come into view but we had better luck with Chestnut-necklaced Partridge, a pair of White-fronted Falconet, Grey-headed Fish Eagle and Lesser Fish Eagle.

Blue-eared Kingfisher
Blue-eared Kingfisher

Other wildlife included Crocodile, more macaques and Probiscus Monkey and a calling Orangutan. Unfortunately no sign of Bornean Ground Cuckoo our main target at Kinabatangan. Back to the camp by 11:30, after which a wander around the local trails produced

Probiscus Monkey
Probiscus Monkey

Black-and-yellow Broadbill and Rufous-winged Babbler. Out onto the river again at 15:00, but this time upriver, past Sakau, and tried some forest adjacent to the main river. Very hot and humid, but with the sun cooling we heard Black-crowned Pitta so headed ashore and eventually had good views. Again no Bornean Ground Cuckoo heard. On the return at dusk a Bat Hawk, which is infrequently seen here.

Rain started soon after dark, becoming prolonged and heavy putting paid to our plan for a night trip on the river.

17 Sep. Another Bat Hawk on the way down river. Back to same area as we'd heard the ground cuckoo yesterday. Today we had at least two birds calling, and despite a hour trying to see them from the boat gave up in preference to a strategy of stalking one in the forest - this proved to be a mission impossible - with the calling bird always 30-40 metres away from us. Gave up this strategy and left the area with the bird still calling to arrive back at the camp at 12:30 just in time to avoid a downpour. New species seen today included Malaysian Flycatcher and Fulvous-chested Jungle Flycatcher.

A walk around the camp at lunch produced Moustached Hawk-Cuckoo. Around 15:30 headed down river again and tried additional spots for Giant Pitta and the ground cuckoo but again we drew a blank - best birds being a flock of 20 Rhinoceros Hornbill. Afternoon dry but a lot of thunder and ominous looking clouds.

18 Sep. An earlier start at 05:30 to arrive down river at first light on the theory that the ground cuckoo would be vocal early. This didn't actually prove correct, with no calling bird until 09:30. Around 10:00 we finally had a calling Bornean Ground Cuckoo close to the river, which was eventually seen running along just inside and perched on a low bow. Very difficult bird to see - fast and shy. Other species seen included Hooded Pitta, Striped Wren-Babbler, Crimson Sunbird and Sooty-capped Babbler.

Back to camp, checkout, boat to Sakau and a lift to the main highway, where we took a taxi bus to Lahad Datu and the Danum Valley Field Centre (DVFC) office. From here we took one of the DVFC vehicles to the two hours to the Field Centre, stopping en route to stock up with snacks and beer. As we arrived just after dark no birding, but a Buffy Fish Owl was calling just outside the room window.

Wallace's Hawk-Eagle
Wallace's Hawk-Eagle

Moustached Hawk-Cuckoo
Moustached Hawk-Cuckoo

Rhinoceros Hornbill
Rhinoceros Hornbill

19 Sep. As meal times here are inflexible we decided on a pre-breakfast stroll to orient ourselves and find the starts of the various trails. Although there's a couple of trail boards scattered around no trail map is available to take into the field - quite an omission we thought. Our early walk along, in overcast and poor light conditions produced a pair of blue flycatcher near the bridge but identification not possible to be the light. Other species included Great Slaty Woodpecker, Yellow-crowned Barbet and Green Imperial Pigeon. Decided to check out the breakfast which wasn't ready at the published time of 07:00 and just about arrived by 07:30. Noodles, cornflakes, bread and boiled eggs. After breakfast walked the Waterfall Trail where handily ran into Joe Tobias who helpfully gave us some up to date birding information.

Great Argus
Great Argus

En route a few things like Crested Jay, Great Argus, Chestnut-rumped Babbler and calling Black-crowned Pitta. Toward the waterfall we had Blue-banded Pitta calling down slope. Scrabbling down slope, we had just got into position and seated when rain unfortunately started in earnest. A sodden walk back in the rain to the Field Centre to arrive around 13:00 to find a few left overs for lunch. As the rain continued we tried to use Internet at office but after an hour gave up due to the speed. Despite it still raining at 15:00 and decided to try birding the main road - anything better than sitting around doing nothing. As expected we saw nothing of note.

Danum Valley Field Centre (DVFC)

Accommodation choice at Danum is restricted to the horrendously expensive Borneo Rainforest Lodge or the Danum Valley Field Centre. The latter is supposedly for researchers but in practice anyone with an interest in nature can book. Various accommodation options are available and we booked one of the twin rooms. The accommodation was basic, but adequate, with cold shower and fan. When staying here do not count on contacting the outside world during your stay. No mobile signal is available and the Internet, which is available only a few hours a day in their office, is the slowest and most expensive connection we'd ever come across - avoid at all cost.

The whole operation here has the feeling of university dorm residence meets school dinners all over again. Meal times are fixed and the food, while fine, was rather unexciting and decidedly over-priced. If arriving more than 30 minutes into the one hour meal time slots it's likely only rice and cabbage will remain, or maybe nothing at all. Plates, cutlery, cups, tea, coffee and milk seemed to be in permanent short supply so annoyingly missing when needed. None of the rooms have a fridge, so it's necessary to use the communal fridge in the canteen which, as shared, is never cleaned and contains old food from previous visitors. Not withstanding all this Danum is a great place to stay and we thoroughly enjoyed it!

Several of the Grid Trails at Danum now appear to be in a state of non-use and no longer navigable. Only the main West Grid Trail was easy to follow. Both trails north and south of W10 were overgrown after 300-400 metres and W5 south disappeared after 150 metres. We also had problems following the trail west of W5-S5, not finding a loop back to the main West Trail. An unmarked trail runs south along the river between W0 and W5-S5 which we found good for birding, as well as the longer Waterfall Trail. All the Grid Trails contained healthy populations of leeches, especially large Tiger Leeches.

Pacific Swallow
Pacific Swallow

Oriental Pied Hornbill
Oriental Pied Hornbill


Maroon Langur
Maroon Langur

20 Sep. At first light onto the Waterfall Trail. Overcast but dry with good weather all morning. Started with a slow walk on the lower parts of the trail hoping for some of our targets. Heard Bornean Wren-Babbler and saw Rufous-tailed Shama, an impressive Blue-headed Pitta, Black-crowned Pitta, Striped Wren-Babbler, Rufous-winged Philentoma and Great Argus. At the top Blue-banded Pitta was calling distantly and along the return we had a pair of Short-toed Coucal and Maroon Langur. Very hot after lunch, so took a short walk to the Youth Hostel where Bornean Orangutan had been reported earlier and had brief views of one disappearing.

We spent the afternoon on grid trails, where we first walked the main West Trail to W10. Tried a couple of side trails but both overgrown due to poor use. Headed back toward river and tried the trail north of W0, but this soon became secondary growth and lacked any interesting species. A leech count on return to the Field Centre found 34 hiding between leech socks and boots. Buffy Fish Owl again calling at dusk. Rain started 19:00 and continued well into the night.

21 Sep. On the Waterfall Trail at first light again in an attempt for Bornean Wren-Babbler. A brief response but not close and the bird soon melted away. A slow walk to the waterfall. Species along the way included Orange-backed Woodpecker, Scarlet-rumped Trogon, Buff-rumped Woodpecker, Siberian Blue Robin, Short-toed Coucal and Bornean Banded Pitta. At the top descended the steep slope again and spent an hour slowly edging closer to a pair of Blue-banded Pitta, which eventually seen at close range - a stunning bird. Returned to the Field Centre just in time for lunch leftovers. Hot and cloudless, so after a short siesta out again onto the Grid Trails. We headed down the first trail south along the river. Within a short distance a pair of Black-throated Wren-Babbler were found. Over the next couple of hours we walked along the river to W5-S5 and then headed west along the grid to hopefully find the next grid trail back to the main trial. Unfortunately this appeared not to be the case, with the trail heading away from the loop and uphill. Many leeches on this trail. We did however at the major stream crossing have a calling Giant Pitta which came frustratingly close but was not seen. As we couldn't make a loop back to the main West Trail we retraced our steps to the bridge. About 300 metres before the bridge the heavens opened and we had to make a dash for the shelter there. The rain proved short-lived and we were able to walk the road in the last hour of late, but the damp overcast conditions gave us few birds. Dinner as usual with torrential rain from about 20:00 lasting most of the night.

22 Sep. Again we started on the Waterfall Trail in final attempt for Bornean Wren-Babbler, but not even heard this morning. On passing the canopy tower we heard calling Bornean Bristlehead and after a couple of minutes frantic searching had a group of at least 4-5 individuals moving through the canopy. Tried the Nature Trail for a change of scenery but got distracted on news of an Orangutan feeding in trees near the kitchen, so headed back to see that and a quick breakfast. After we crossed the, not surprisingly, high river and headed again down the riverside trail to W5-S5. On approach near the same area as yesterday we again heard calling Giant Pitta but again were unable to see it as it simply stopped calling after a couple of minutes - very frustrating. On the walk we did however have a male Sunda Blue Flycatcher and calling Short-toed Coucal.

One Hotel, Kota Kinabalu

Looking for a simple, inexpensive overnight hotel near the airport we came across the One Hotel via an Internet search. Five minutes from the airport by taxi, free Internet, new, clean and simple, it offered everything we needed. No restaurant facilities, but a few caf├ęs are found immediately outside. Recommended.

Tried the grid trail south of W5 but this too was blocked and unused after a couple of hundred metres. The last half hour spent again on the start of the waterfall trail but nothing new. Left Danum at 14:00 for the drive back to town, through some heavy rain and took the 17:40 flight to Kota Kinabalu and overnight at the One Hotel near the airport. Dinner at the French restaurant just across the road.

23 Sep. Heavy rain overnight, continuing into the morning. Taxi to airport and flights home.


Bird images from this, and other, birding trips here.

Species List

  Kinabalu National Park   Count
  Red-breasted Partridge Arborophila hyperythra 2
  Crimson-headed Partridge Haematortyx sanguiniceps 6
  Little Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia ruficeps 3
  Collared Owlet Glaucidium brodiei 1
  Bornean Swiftlet Collocalia dodgei 20
  Plume-toed Swiftlet Collocalia affinis 30
  Whitehead's Trogon Harpactes whiteheadi 3
  Golden-naped Barbet Psilopogon pulcherrimus 30
  Checker-throated Woodpecker Chrysophlegma mentale 6
  Maroon Woodpecker Blythipicus rubiginosus 4
  Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus 3
  Sunda Cuckooshrike Coracina larvata 4
  Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris 7
  Bornean Whistler Pachycephala hypoxantha 18
  Blyth's Shrike-babbler Pteruthius aeralatus 4
  Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus 1
  Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus 5
  White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 15
  Bornean Green Magpie Cissa jefferyi 3
  Bornean Treepie Dendrocitta cinerascens 10
  Pale-faced Bulbul Pycnonotus flavescens leucops 3
  Ochraceous Bulbul Alophoixus ochraceus 20
  Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 1
  Mountain Tailorbird Phyllergates cuculatus 20
  Sunda Bush Warbler Horornis vulcanius 9
  Mountain Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus trivirgatus 50
  Yellow-breasted Warbler Seicercus montis 40
  Grey-throated Babbler Stachyris nigriceps 20
  Mountain Wren-Babbler Napothera crassa 3
  Eyebrowed Wren-Babbler Napothera epilepidota 3
  Temminck's Babbler Pellorneum pyrrogenys 2
  Sunda Laughingthrush Garrulax palliatus 30
  Chestnut-hooded Laughingthrush Garrulax treacheri 40
  Bare-headed Laughingthrush Garrulax calvus 6
  Chestnut-crested Yuhina Yuhina everetti 70
  Black-capped White-eye Zosterops atricapilla 6
  Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis 1
  Bornean Whistling Thrush Myiophoneus borneensis 4
  Everett's Thrush Zoothera everetti 2
  White-browed Shortwing Brachypteryx montana 1
  Bornean Forktail Enicurus borneensis 5
  Eyebrowed Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias gularis 2
  Dark-sided Flycatcher Muscicapa sibirica 2
  Little Pied Flycatcher Ficedula westermanni 1
  Indigo Flycatcher Eumyias indigo 3
  Bornean Leafbird Chloropsis kinabaluensis 1
  Black-sided Flowerpecker Dicaeum monticolum 2
  Temminck's Sunbird Aethopyga temminckii 5
  Whitehead's Spiderhunter Arachnothera juliae 1
  Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 4
  Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1
  Rafflesia Information Centre   Count
  Crested Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus cirrhatus 1
  White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus 2
  Dark Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx bocki 1
  Bornean Swiftlet Collocalia dodgei 20
  Plume-toed Swiftlet Collocalia affinis 30
  Wreathed Hornbill Rhyticeros undulatus 1
  Mountain Barbet Psilopogon monticola 20
  Brown Barbet Caloramphus fuliginosus 8
  Crimson-winged Woodpecker Picus puniceus 1
  Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike Hemipus picatus 3
  Grey-chinned Minivet Pericrocotus solaris 3
  Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach 1
  Black-and-crimson Oriole Oriolus cruentus 4
  Ashy Drongo Dicrurus leucophaeus 6
  White-throated Fantail Rhipidura albicollis 3
  Bornean Treepie Dendrocitta cinerascens 5
  Bornean Bulbul Pycnonotus montis 6
  Ochraceous Bulbul Alophoixus ochraceus 2
  Cinereous Bulbul Hemixos cinereus 4
  Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 6
  Mountain Tailorbird Phyllergates cuculatus 15
  Chestnut-hooded Laughingthrush Garrulax treacheri 10
  Chestnut-crested Yuhina Yuhina everetti 30
  Black-capped White-eye Zosterops atricapilla 4
  Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis 1
  Bornean Leafbird Chloropsis kinabaluensis 4
  Black-sided Flowerpecker Dicaeum monticolum 2
  Temminck's Sunbird Aethopyga temminckii 3
  Bornean Spiderhunter Arachnothera everetti 2
  Dusky Munia Lonchura fuscans 10
  Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 3
  Kinabatangan Wildlife Santuary   Count
  Chestnut-necklaced Partridge Arborophila charltonii 5
  Storm's Stork Ciconia stormi 10
  Purple Heron Ardea purpurea 2
  Great Egret Ardea modesta 36
  Western Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia 5
  Little Egret Egretta garzetta 1
  Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster 8
  Jerdon's Baza Aviceda jerdoni 1
  Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus 2
  Bat Hawk Macheiramphus alcinus 2
  Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus 6
  White-bellied Sea Eagle Haliaeetus leucogaster 3
  Lesser Fish Eagle Icthyophaga humilis 2
  Grey-headed Fish Eagle Icthyophaga ichthyaetus 6
  Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela 2
  Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus 4
  Crested Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus cirrhatus 1
  Wallace's Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus nanus 8
  White-fronted Falconet Microhierax latifrons 2
  Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida 2
  Common Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica 4
  Little Green Pigeon Treron olax 1
  Pink-necked Green Pigeon Treron vernans 35
  Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea 17
  Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot Loriculus galgulus 1
  Long-tailed Parakeet Psittacula longicauda 24
  Bornean Ground Cuckoo Carpococcyx radiceus 2
  Raffles's Malkoha Rhinortha chlorophaea 5
  Chestnut-breasted Malkoha Phaenicophaeus curvirostris 3
  Violet Cuckoo Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus 3
  Banded Bay Cuckoo Cacomantis sonneratii 3
  Plaintive Cuckoo Cacomantis merulinus 1
  Square-tailed Drongo-Cuckoo Surniculus lugubris 2
  Moustached Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx vagans 2
  Buffy Fish Owl Ketupa ketupu 1
  Brown Wood Owl Strix leptogrammica 3
  Plume-toed Swiftlet Collocalia affinis 20
  Black-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus maxima 600
  Edible-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus fuciphaga 600
  Silver-rumped Spinetail Rhaphidura leucopygialis 1
  Brown-backed Needletail Hirundapus giganteus 3
  Red-naped Trogon Harpactes kasumba 1
  Oriental Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis 9
  Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis 3
  Blue-eared Kingfisher Alcedo meninting 6
  Black-backed Dwarf Kingfisher Ceyx erithaca 3
  Blue-throated Bee-eater Merops viridis 24
  Bushy-crested Hornbill Anorrhinus galeritus 10
  Southern Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris 16
  Rhinoceros Hornbill Buceros rhinoceros 20
  Wrinkled Hornbill Rhabdotorrhinus corrugatus 12
  Wreathed Hornbill Rhyticeros undulatus 1
  Red-throated Barbet Psilopogon mystacophanos 10
  Blue-eared Barbet Psilopogon duvaucelii 10
  Rufous Piculet Sasia abnormis 1
  Grey-and-buff Woodpecker Hemicircus concretus 1
  White-bellied Woodpecker Dryocopus javensis 1
  Banded Woodpecker Chrysophlegma miniaceum 1
  Black-and-red Broadbill Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos 1
  Banded Broadbill Eurylaimus javanicus 10
  Black-and-yellow Broadbill Eurylaimus ochromalus 30
  Giant Pitta Hydrornis caeruleus 1
  Black-crowned Pitta Erythropitta ussheri 2
  Hooded Pitta Pitta sordida 4
  White-breasted Woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus 8
  Dark-throated Oriole Oriolus xanthonotus 1
  Pied Fantail Rhipidura javanica 12
  Black Magpie Platysmurus leucopterus 6
  Slender-billed Crow Corvus enca 31
  Black-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps 4
  Olive-winged Bulbul Pycnonotus plumosus 2
  Asian Red-eyed Bulbul Pycnonotus brunneus 13
  Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 20
  Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica 90
  Yellow-bellied Prinia Prinia flaviventris 2
  Dark-necked Tailorbird Orthotomus atrogularis 1
  Ashy Tailorbird Orthotomus ruficeps 30
  Chestnut-winged Babbler Stachyris erythroptera 15
  Bold-striped Tit-Babbler Macronus bornensis 20
  Sooty-capped Babbler Malacopteron affine 10
  White-chested Babbler Trichastoma rostratum 2
  Striped Wren-Babbler Kenopia striata 2
  Black-capped Babbler Pellorneum capistratum 2
  Asian Glossy Starling Aplonis panayensis 10
  Common Hill Myna Gracula religiosa 4
  Fulvous-chested Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias olivaceus 1
  Malaysian Blue Flycatcher Cyornis turcosus 2
  Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker Prionochilus xanthopygius 3
  Crimson Sunbird Aethopyga siparaja 3
  Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra 1
  Danum Valley   Count
  Great Argus Argusianus argus 6
  Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela 1
  Common Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica 2
  Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea 40
  Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot Loriculus galgulus 1
  Short-toed Coucal Centropus rectunguis 6
  Raffles's Malkoha Rhinortha chlorophaea 5
  Buffy Fish Owl Ketupa ketupu 1
  Grey-rumped Treeswift Hemiprocne longipennis 10
  Whiskered Treeswift Hemiprocne comata 5
  Plume-toed Swiftlet Collocalia affinis 20
  Edible-nest Swiftlet Aerodramus fuciphaga 45
  Silver-rumped Spinetail Rhaphidura leucopygialis 28
  Scarlet-rumped Trogon Harpactes duvaucelii 1
  Southern Oriental Pied Hornbill Anthracoceros albirostris 23
  Helmeted Hornbill Rhinoplax vigil 10
  Wreathed Hornbill Rhyticeros undulatus 12
  White-bellied Woodpecker Dryocopus javensis 4
  Orange-backed Woodpecker Reinwardtipicus validus 4
  Buff-rumped Woodpecker Meiglyptes tristis 1
  Great Slaty Woodpecker Mulleripicus pulverulentus 4
  Green Broadbill Calyptomena viridis 2
  Black-and-red Broadbill Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos 2
  Giant Pitta Hydrornis caeruleus 1
  Blue-headed Pitta Hydrornis baudii 2
  Bornean Banded Pitta Hydrornis schwaneri 6
  Blue-banded Pitta Erythropitta arquata 2
  Black-crowned Pitta Erythropitta ussheri 4
  Rufous-winged Philentoma Philentoma pyrhoptera 2
  Bornean Bristlehead Pityriasis gymnocephala 5
  Bronzed Drongo Dicrurus aeneus 4
  Pied Fantail Rhipidura javanica 10
  Spotted Fantail Rhipidura perlata 3
  Black-naped Monarch Hypothymis azurea 2
  Crested Jay Platylophus galericulatus 1
  Slender-billed Crow Corvus enca 21
  Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis 4
  Black-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus atriceps 11
  Cream-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus simplex 1
  Asian Red-eyed Bulbul Pycnonotus brunneus 23
  Yellow-bellied Bulbul Alophoixus phaeocephalus 6
  Hairy-backed Bulbul Tricholestes criniger 4
  Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica 44
  Yellow-bellied Prinia Prinia flaviventris 2
  Dark-necked Tailorbird Orthotomus atrogularis 2
  Chestnut-rumped Babbler Stachyris maculata 15
  Bold-striped Tit-Babbler Macronus bornensis 10
  Fluffy-backed Tit-Babbler Macronus ptilosus 6
  Brown Fulvetta Alcippe brunneicauda 6
  Black-throated Wren-Babbler Napothera atrigularis 3
  Short-tailed Babbler Malacocincla malaccensis 2
  Sooty-capped Babbler Malacopteron affine 1
  Scaly-crowned Babbler Malacopteron cinereum 4
  Rufous-crowned Babbler Malacopteron magnum 35
  Ferruginous Babbler Trichastoma bicolor 1
  Black-capped Babbler Pellorneum capistratum 6
  Common Hill Myna Gracula religiosa 4
  Siberian Blue Robin Luscinia cyane 1
  Oriental Magpie-Robin Copsychus saularis 6
  White-crowned Shama Copsychus stricklandii 9
  Rufous-tailed Shama Trichixos pyrropygus 4
  Southern White-crowned Forktail Enicurus leschenaulti 5
  Grey-chested Jungle Flycatcher Rhinomyias umbratilis 1
  Asian Brown Flycatcher Muscicapa dauurica 1
  Rufous-chested Flycatcher Ficedula dumetoria 2
  Sunda Blue Flycatcher Cyornis caerulatus 1
  Bornean Blue Flycatcher Cyornis superbus 2
  Lesser Green Leafbird Chloropsis cyanopogon 3
  Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker Prionochilus xanthopygius 4
  Orange-bellied Flowerpecker Dicaeum trigonostigma 4
  Plain Flowerpecker Dicaeum minullum 2
  Plain Sunbird Anthreptes simplex 1
  Red-throated Sunbird Anthreptes rhodolaemus 2
  Purple-naped Sunbird Hypogramma hypogrammicum 1
  Little Spiderhunter Arachnothera longirostra 12
  Bornean Spiderhunter Arachnothera everetti 3
  Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 10
  Dusky Munia Lonchura fuscans 28
  Additional Species en route   Count
  Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 50
  Intermediate Egret Egretta intermedia 40
  Zebra Dove Geopelia striata 20
  Feral Pigeon Columba livia 10
  Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis 20
  Lesser Coucal Centropus bengalensis 1
  Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris 2
  White-breasted Woodswallow Artamus leucorynchus 1
  Yellow-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus goiavier 3
  Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus 1
  Javan Myna Acridotheres javanicus 200
  Asian Glossy Starling Aplonis panayensis 40
  Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 100
  Dusky Munia Lonchura fuscans 50
  Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus 1