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Waigeo to Sulawesi: 12 -28 March 2017


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12 - 28 March 2017.
Variable cloud cover. Hot and humid with rain, some heavy.
Waigeo, Kofiau, Obi, Bacan, Mangole, Taliabu and Peleng.

With Josep del Hoyo, John Lobel, Les Holliwell, Hans Jornvall, Ann-Margreth Jornvall, Frank Gilliland, Susan Gilliland, Ron Johns, Sue Johns, James Eaton and Rob Hutchinson. Plus as always, Sumaraja our local Mr. Fix It and logistics maestro. This exploratory trip was organised by James and Rob of Bird Tour Asia, with the aim of visiting remote, seldom-birded, islands of eastern Indonesia west of West Papua. Due to a lack of infrastructure, the only practical way to visit most of these islands is to charter a ship. Although the basic itinerary was planned well in advance, as many islands are without even telephone communication, or any land transport, we knew logistical issues would likely crop up so needed to remain flexible. Most of these islands had only been visited on a handful of occasions by birders or ornithologists, with much remaining to be discovered. One of the smallest islands visited would likely never have been visited by birders. Originally we'd planned on using the same ship, the Matahariku, we'd used on the Bandar Sea exploration in 2011, but that had recently run aground on a reef and sunk. So the similar Lady Denok was chartered, that proved to be an all-round better ship with an excellent crew.

Itinerary

8 Mar - 11 Mar . Took Silk Air from Chiang Mai to Singapore arriving mid afternoon. Three days spent in Singapore with friends, birding at several localities around the island; Selatar, Singapore Botanical Garden, Kranji Marshes and Lower Peirce Trail. A good collection of species including several rarely recorded in Singapore, with King Quail, Japanese Sparrowhawk, Slaty-breasted Rail, Red-legged Crake, Sunda Scops Owl, Savanna Nightjar, Blue-throated Bee-eater, Red-crowned Barbet, Long-tailed Parakeet, Greater Painted-snipe, Pin-tailed Snipe, Common Snipe, Asian House Martin and Lanceolated Warbler of particular note.

On 11 Mar, took Singapore Airlines flight to Jakarta to meet up with others on the trip. On arrival spent an inordinate amount of time collecting baggage and transferring between terminals - almost two hours. Organisation and efficiency not being a strong point of Indonesia culture.

12 Mar. Having hung around the terminal till midnight we finally took Batik Air at 00:05 for the long flight to Sorong in West Papua via Makassar, eventually arriving 07:30 in heavy rain. Driving through town to the docks we noted much flooding, that looked like an ominous start for the trip. However, by 10:00 when we transferred to the Lady Denok, rain had stopped and sun started to break through. By this time most people, especially those having flown directly from Europe and the USA were feeling pretty exhausted so very happy to finally up-anchor and depart at 11:10. We then motored west picking up our first birds of the trip - Bridled Tern, Red-necked Phalarope, Greater Crested Tern, Brown Booby and Lesser Frigatebird. With 100 kilometres behind us we arrived at a sheltered bay off Waigeo, and in the last hour of light took zodiacs out for a short spin around some small limestone karst islands. Birds encountered were Beach Kingfisher, several highly desired Spice Imperial Pigeon, Blue Rock Thrush and Torresian Crow. Headed to anchor for the night off the small village of Saprokren that we intended to use as our access point tomorrow.

Spice Imperial Pigeon
Spice Imperial Pigeon

Waigeo at sunset
Waigeo at sunset

13 Mar. An early start at 04:30, with zodiacs to shore, from where we climbed onto the back of likely the only truck in the village and headed out on an old logging track. Unfortunately, not aided by overnight rain, we went no farther than three kilometres before the truck became stuck in mud and clearly wasn't going to make it up the first steep slippery incline. With no alternative we commenced the remaining 5.7 kilometre walk toward the Wilson's Bird-of-paradise lek area. Here, local guides have put up simple screens at a couple of leks, and it was with great expectation that we were finally able to sit on some wet logs behind one and become food for the ubiquitous mosquitoes.

Western Crowned Pigeon
Western Crowned Pigeon

Golden Monarch
Golden Monarch

Rufous-bellied Kookaburra
Rufous-bellied Kookaburra

However, after three hours we only glimpsed a single bird passing quickly and almost no other bird species were present, save a single Yellow-bellied Longbill and the occasional Mimic Meliphaga. Heavy going indeed. According to the locals, following rain, the birds-of-paradise don't usually appear on their lek.

To break the monotony we took a walk farther along the track, finding Brown-headed Crow, a few unidentified flyover pigeons and a calling Gray's Grasshopper Warbler. Late afternoon we climbed the adjacent hill to the Red Bird-of-paradise lek. Again the birds were not performing, though we did manage several views of a couple flying around the area. Fortunately by dusk we'd managed to secure the services of a smaller pickup, that had 4x4 and was able to reach the lek area, so at least we saved the long return walk, although holding on to the back of the pickup for life was quite risky and bumpy. Back to the ship by 19:00, where to put the icing on the day's cake we discovered that chiggers had unexpectedly been present in the forest!

14 Mar. Another 04:30 start. Cloudy, but at least no rain, so with our new vehicle we reached the forest pre dawn, with a flyover Papuan Frogmouth en route, and then excellent views of Papuan Boobook and Marbled Frogmouth. At dawn, again behind the screen for Wilson's Bird-of-paradise, but in continued light rain, it failed to appear once again. However, several Wilson's Bird-of-paradise were then found feeding along the road that, together in improving weather, also produced Golden Monarch, Glossy-mantled Manucode, Yellow-bellied Gerygone and Frilled Monarch. Decided highlight of the morning though was a Western Crowned Pigeon.

Around 11:00 heavier rain commenced, so returned to the ship. Thereafter, as the weather looked decidedly unsettled we figured Red Bird-of-paradise would not be performing that evening so set sail, stopping for some snorkeling off Mansua and Kree islands, during which further heavy rain. Around 16:30 started our long sail toward Kofiau through rain and a fairly rough seas, meaning either sleeping or becoming seasick, with the ship pounding the waves through the night.

15Mar. We arrived offshore Kofiau around 01:45 in the relative calm of a bay, though wind and rain meant the waters were still choppy. Kofiau, almost uninhabited, remains one of the least visited and most remote of the Indonesian islands, with only a handful of naturalists having ever visited. Our targets here were the endemic monarch and paradise kingfisher. Having secured a couple of locals from the only village, we learnt that due to the rough sea state we'd need to beach the zodiacs at a different spot, with an hour's walk to reach the forest proper.

Kofiau Monarch
Kofiau Monarch

An easy landing on a sandy beach and a walk through coconut plantations put us in coastal scrub and some taller forest, where we found the Kofiau Paradise Kingfisher relatively easily though, as usual with this genus, hard to obtain good views or photos. A few hours walking on trails found us a couple of pairs of Kofiau Monarch, together with Black Sunbird, Large-billed Gerygone, Great-billed Heron, Beach Kingfisher and the local endemic race of Spangled Drongo, that is currently, bizarrely treated as atrocaeruleus the same race as the birds on Halmahera and Bacan, but clearly not so.

Returning to the ship proved a tad tricky as the receding tide had left only rocks and coral exposed along the beach. The morning's weather had been kind to us with overcast conditions and light rain, that eased by the time we set sail again, this time toward Obi. A poor afternoon for seabirds, with only Lesser Frigatebird, until late in the day when an Abbott's Booby was spotted right next to the ship, that even had us turning the ship around for a second look. Definitely one of the birds of the trip. A rather calm sea thereafter, with us anchoring around midnight off a very small island. Although not in the proposed itinerary, we'd decided to stop and investigate small islands randomly as the Lady Denok was decidedly faster than our originally intended ship, giving us additional time to try things on a whim.

16 Mar. A calm, hot, morning echoing with the sounds of Great-billed Parrot over the forest and a Beach Kingfisher along the shore seen from the ship. Into the zodiac to shore, on this tiny uninhabited island almost certainly never visited by a birder. Although any form of trail was never going to exist, we were able to simply walk inside the fairly open understorey. One of the first species we encountered was Arafura Fantail, that looked potentially an undescribed race. We also encountered two small island specialists - Olive Honeyeater and Island Whistler, together with vocal Moluccan Imperial Pigeon and Nicobar Pigeon. After a couple of hours, returned to the ship and a short snorkeling session before completing the voyage to Obi, arriving at 14:00.

Great-billed Parrot
Great-billed Parrot

Again, as ahead of schedule, we decided to investigate an area of lowland forest near the village of Sum that, from Google Earth, appeared to have logging tracks and some remaining forest. As expected, none of the kids in the village had ever seen a Caucasian, only Chinese loggers, so we provided the village entertainment for the afternoon. Having managed to negotiate the use of one of their small logging trucks we again piled on the back and ventured to forest about six kilometres from town along a recently graded logging road. Despite being the heat of the afternoon a number of birds were active and we recorded Sultan's Cuckoo-Dove, Blue-and-white Kingfisher, Red-cheeked Parrot, Cinnamon-breasted Whistler, Rufous-bellied Triller, and a few unidentified fly-over pigeons. After two hours birding we left at 18:30 to continue sailing along the northern coast of Obi to the village of Luiwai where we arrived by 22:30, anchoring offshore.

17 Mar. To shore by 05:00, jumped into a couple of vehicles and headed up the old logging road just outside the village, for which we'd previously obtained a permit. Our first stop, pre-dawn, was for roding Moluccan Woodcock that passed over several times. An excellent start to the day. We then drove a few kilometres farther to inspect the logged forest. No sooner had we stepped out of car than we were greeted by the Indonesian National Anthem - the Chain saw Buzz. Although officially still a logging concession the large scale logging has finished, but local people continue to clear the remainder.

Although we had planned to drive farther, we discovered the first bridge completely washed away, and conditions of the road beyond deteriorating fast due to no maintenance. Spent the next few hours till 10:30 walking up through forest seeking the lowland specialities - Chattering Lory, Dusky Myzomela, Black-chinned Whistler, White-bellied Cuckooshrike, Pale Cicadabird, Paradise-crow, Obi Fantail and Moluccan Flycatcher - that we found mostly common, other than Carunculated Fruit Dove, of which a single group were located in a good fruiting tree late on. Very hot by 11:00, so back to ship for lunch and a short siesta, returning to the field at 15:00 to look at other lowland fragments. Had success with Common Paradise Kingfisher and North Moluccan Pitta and, to round it off, another look at Moluccan Woodcock and Moluccan Scops Owl at dusk.

Paradise-crow
Paradise-crow

18 Mar. Breakfast at stupid o'clock, then back to the logging road. Starting at 05:00, in the dark and relative cool, we managed to walk as far as we'd reached yesterday by 06:00, after which the track became steep and disintegrated totally into an obstacle course of felled trees.

However, we made quick progress and reached the required elevation of 400 metres by 07:00. Early morning activity in the high canopy included the first of our targets - the undescribed Obi Myzomela, as well as poor views of the also undescribed Obi White-eye and the local race of Island Leaf Warbler. During a slow walk over the next couple of hours we had further good views of the white-eye and myzomela, plus a single Carunculated Fruit Dove and better numbers of Pale Cicadabird, Moluccan Imperial Pigeon and Cinnamon-bellied Imperial Pigeon. Returned to the vehicles by 11:00 and back to the ship before 12:00 - much easier and faster than we'd expected. Set sail at 13:00 toward Bacan. A very hot day again, though with some rain showers en route. Seabirds en route included a few Streaked Shearwater.

19 Mar. As still travelling westward, dawn on Bacan was not until about 06:45 when we again started out in small vehicles to travel the five kilometres from town into degraded forest edge. Overnight rain but clear and bright. Our two targets here were found easily, the nominate race atriceps of Cream-throated White-eye and the local atrocaeruleus race of Spangled Drongo, both likely future splits. Spent a total of three hours, additionally finding Grey-headed Fruit Dove, White-throated Needletail, Blyth's Hornbill, Red-flanked Lorikeet, Moluccan Hanging Parrot, White-streaked Friarbird and Spectacled Monarch.

Obi Myzomela
Obi Myzomela

Cream-throated White-eye
Cream-throated White-eye

Trying to leave Bacan, the ship was held up several hours by the harbour master demanding paperwork. Once finally under way, a calm sea, with pods of Short-finned Pilot Whale and Melon-headed Whale plus many Red-necked Phalarope and a single Aleutian Tern.

20 Mar. Having sailed through the night, we arrived off Mangole at 07:00. On deck at sunrise we admired the largely continuous forest with little extensive clearance and almost no human settlement. Although large, the island of Mangole is unconnected by any public ferry and to our knowledge the last bird observations from the island were from the 1996. From Google Earth, we'd identified a potential landing spot with seemingly access to forest, but the heavy breaking surf and steep beach meant landing was impossible, so we moved the ship some kilometres farther to the small village of Wailoea. Once again the landing proved difficult, but with the villagers pointing out an easier spot, we managed. Another village where the local children had never seen a Westerner, so we were once again a great source of entertainment. After a couple of hours of explaining what we wished to do and obtaining permission, we were ashore by 14:45 and walked a couple of kilometres through plantations and forest edge, initially with half the village behind us.

Sula Scops Owl
Sula Scops Owl

Bare-eyed Myna
Bare-eyed Myna

The first hour proved rather quiet, but once the afternoon cooled somewhat we found Sula Megapode, Sula Cuckoo-Dove, Black-naped Fruit Dove, Silver-tipped Imperial Pigeon, Green Imperial Pigeon, Sulawesi Serpent Eagle, Citrine Lorikeet, Ruddy Kingfisher, Sula Hanging Parrot, Henna-tailed Jungle Flycatcher, Drab Whistler, Ivory-backed Woodswallow, Slaty Cuckooshrike, Sula Cicadabird and Northern Golden Bulbul. Due to the strong swell the ship was moved to the shelter of a small offshore island a few kilometres away for the night.

21 Mar. Another 04:00 breakfast enabling us to be a shore by 05:00. Even more swell, so quite difficult conditions for transferring safely to the zodiac. Rain early on, but dry and overcast the remainder of the morning, during which we had several Sula Scops Owl and Great Eared Nightjar pre dawn. Walked about three kilometers to a viewing point offering reasonable views over the canopy . The highly desired Bare-eyed Myna eventually found, plus Sula Fruit Dove heard but stubbornly refusing to move. For the remainder, similar to yesterday's list. Back to ship by 12:00 and set off. Some interesting seabirds en route with several hundred Heinroth's Shearwater and Aleutian Tern. We arrived offshore the village of Jorjoga on Taliabu around 20:30, to a nice peaceful night in the bay.

22 Mar. Having negotiated the use of probably the only two small coconut-transporting trucks in the village we set out through coconut plantations and into scrub farmland behind. Evidently, recent weather had been quite wet, because as soon as we hit the first minor incline the vehicles became well and truly stuck and it was again very obvious that we'd be walking once again. As pre dawn, our main target was the endemic Taliabu Masked Owl, but not even heard, only a single Sula Scops Owl. During several hours birding along the track to Wahe we managed views of Sula Fruit Dove, Black-naped Fruit Dove, Island Monarch, Slaty Cuckooshrike, Green Imperial Pigeon, Solilongan Cuckoo-Dove, Sula Hanging Parrot, Island Monarch and Henna-tailed Jungle Flycatcher.

Grey-rumped Treeswift
Grey-rumped Treeswift

Northern Golden Bulbul
Northern Golden Bulbul

Sulawesi Honey Buzzard
Sulawesi Honey Buzzard

Following lunch on the ship our plans were thrown a spanner in the form of torrential rain, this time finding leaks in every cabin, such that most time spent mopping up and preventing water damage. By the time the rain eased near sunset the only possible birding option was a quick zodiac ride around the mangroves but little seen other than a Chinese Sparrowhawk.

23 Mar. Although the day had been earmarked for a hard climb to 1,000 metres to seek the montane specialities, Raja had been late evening to the village at the start of the trek to discover that the ankle-deep river crossing at the start was now a more than a metre deep raging torrent that not even the locals could cross. Hence no guide either, and a change of plan, with our earliest breakfast at 03:15 then another unsuccessful attempt for Taliabu Masked Owl, with a long effort along the forest track of yesterday. No luck at all however, though close views of Sula Scops Owl again. After dawn we spent time at a good lookout hoping for Helmeted Myna, but found another pair of Bare-eyed Myna and Sula Dwarf Kingfisher instead. On trying in the forest for Sula Pitta we also encountered Red-and-black Thrush of the undescribed Taliabu race not apparently recorded since 1991. Mid afternoon out again for a last birding session and despite the effort, not returning till after 21:00, still no Taliabu Masked Owl.

24 Mar. For reasons totally unclear, shortly after midnight the ship moved ten kilometres down the coast. Apparently the village head man had returned that evening having been away on our arrival and now seemingly with his nose out of joint as he'd not been consulted or informed. So a long lie in till 06:00, when we set sail for the 13 hours to Peleng. Although we'd half expected good seabirding en route it was actually quite poor, with a highlight a mother and calf Sperm Whale, an Aleutian Tern, Bridled Tern and a few skuas. Our last night on the ship offshore of Salakan town. Our first functioning phone system for best part of a week.

25 Mar. Out by 05:00 and drove 15 kilometres along the coast for lowland birding. No luck finding Sulawesi Scops Owl at dawn, so proceeded to climb a small hill with views into canopy forest. Finally, nice views of a couple of Helmeted Myna as well as Banggai Fruit Dove. Unfortunately rain started about 09:00, so back to the vessel, said our farewells to the crew, a fish lunch in town and then a three hour drive to the village of Tataba; the access point for the Banggai Crow. From the village, at sea level, it's about a five kilometre walk up to Kokolomboi village at 650 metres. Sounds fairly easy, but this is actually one really hard slog and felt like twice the distance. As well as temperatures of around 34°C and 100% humidity the track itself is incredibly slippery even when dry as the coralline limestone put down is covered by an algae that makes good footing impossible. Baggage was taken up by local porters on motorcycles that were just able to proceed as not raining. After a long sweaty two to three hours walk, we finally made it to the very basic home stay at Kokolomboi - a village of about 20 families. Given the altitude a nice temperature for sleeping. Not much birding on the way up other than Grosbeak Starling, an addition to the trip list.

26 Mar. An 04:00 start and out locally for Sulawesi Scops Owl, seen very well. Then another long hack, in the dark, up through the forests above the village. Red-and-black Thrush, Sula Pitta, and Henna-tailed Flycatcher vocal before light. Again we found the trail exceptionally slippery even though dry. At about 740 metres we stopped for a singing Gray's Grasshopper Warbler, and by sheer luck had a single Banggai Crow fly over. Climbing higher we found another pair of Banggai Crow around 800 metres, after which the trail leveled out somewhat. Our reason for continuing higher was to search for the two undescribed species in the montane forest - Peleng Fantail, which we encountered twice above 800 metres, and finally a small group of Peleng Leaf Warbler at 940 metres. Flushed with success we started the return journey down to our accommodation. Some birding in forest adjacent to the home stay late afternoon was not particularly fruitful as overcast and cool.

27 Mar. Out pre dawn and into the forest locally to wait for calls of Peleng Tarsier, with a small group tracked down near their roost. A great mammal and another highlight of the trip, with several jumping between trees around us. A Northern Boobook seen briefly. Further birding was then cut short by heavy rain starting 06:30, so back for a second breakfast till 08:00 when it stopped, then out again. Due to the heavy rain we knew the trail down would be even more slippery than coming, so several started the journey down, while a few of us went into the forest for a final session with the mosquitoes, and amply rewarded with Henna-tailed Jungle Flycatcher and a relatively obliging Red-and-black Thrush.

Peleng Tarsier
Peleng Tarsier

Returning downhill took almost as long as coming up due to the slippery conditions. Another three hour drive to town, followed by the fast 16:00 ferry to Luwuk on Sulawesi. Overnight at the Estrella Hotel just outside town with electricity, phones, hot showers and other creature comforts we'd missed. Just what was required after those long marches.

28 Mar. A decadent morning enjoyed all round, followed by the 15:00 flight to Jakarta via Makassar arriving late due to schedule problems. Luckily the airline held the plane for us at Makassar, and thanksfully even the baggage made the connection. Overnight at Orchardz Hotel nearby the airport.

29 Mar. The 07:00 Silk Air flight to Singapore and connections to Bangkok and Chiang Mai without issues. Another excellent and successful trip, though somewhat harder logistically than expected and certainly wetter!

Galleries

Bird images from this, and other, birding trips here.

Species List

  Waigeo   Count
  Dusky Megapode Megapodius freycinet 2
  Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus 1
  Western Crowned Pigeon Goura cristata 1
  Beautiful Fruit Dove Ptilinopus pulchellus 1
  Purple-tailed Imperial Pigeon Ducula rufigaster 1
  Pinon's Imperial Pigeon Ducula pinon h
  Brush Cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus h
  Papuan Boobook Ninox theomacha 2
  Marbled Frogmouth Podargus ocellatus 3
  Papuan Frogmouth Podargus papuensis 1
  Moustached Treeswift Hemiprocne mystacea 4
  Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta 20
  Oriental Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis 2
  Hook-billed Kingfisher Melidora macrorrhina h
  Common Paradise Kingfisher Tanysiptera galatea h
  Rufous-bellied Kookaburra Dacelo gaudichaud 2
  Yellow-billed Kingfisher Syma torotoro h
  Papuan Dwarf Kingfisher Ceyx solitarius h
  Blyth's Hornbill Rhyticeros plicatus 10
  Sulphur-crested Cockatoo Cacatua galerita 14
  Eclectus Parrot Eclectus roratus 6
  Red-cheeked Parrot Geoffroyus geoffroyi h
  Great-billed Parrot Tanygnathus megalorynchos 4
  Papuan Pitta Erythropitta macklotii h
  Tawny-breasted Honeyeater Xanthotis flaviventer 4
  New Guinea Friarbird Philemon novaeguineae 4
  Mimic Honeyeater Meliphaga analoga 9
  Rusty Mouse-warbler Crateroscelis murina h
  Pale-billed Scrubwren Sericornis spilodera 1
  Yellow-bellied Gerygone Gerygone chrysogaster 1
  Green-backed Gerygone Gerygone chloronota 12
  Yellow-bellied Longbill Toxorhamphus novaeguineae 4
  Hooded Butcherbird Cracticus cassicus h
  Grey Whistler Pachycephala simplex 2
  Raja Ampat Pitohui Pitohui cerviniventris 9
  Brown Oriole Oriolus szalayi h
  Spangled Drongo Dicrurus bracteatus 1
  Northern Fantail Rhipidura rufiventris 3
  Golden Monarch Carterornis chrysomela 4
  Frilled Monarch Arses telescopthalmus 1
  Brown-headed Crow Corvus fuscicapillus 3
  Grey Crow Corvus tristis 4
  Glossy-mantled Manucode Manucodia ater 1
  Wilson's Bird-of-paradise Diphyllodes respublica 12
  Red Bird-of-paradise Paradisaea rubra 2
  Gray's Grasshopper Warbler Locustella fasciolata h
  Olive-crowned Flowerpecker Dicaeum pectorale 1
       
  Kofiau   Count
  Striated Heron Butorides striata 2
  Great-billed Heron Ardea sumatrana 1
  Pacific Reef Heron Egretta sacra 5
  Great Frigatebird Fregata minor 2
  Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel 80
  Abbott's Booby Papasula abbotti 1
  Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus 1
  Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus 3
  Grey-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes 2
  Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 1
  Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii 1
  Claret-breasted Fruit Dove  Ptilinopus viridis 4
  Brush Cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus h
  Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta 6
  Uniform Swiftlet Aerodramus vanikorensis 1
  Kofiau Paradise Kingfisher Tanysiptera ellioti 6
  Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris 2
  Beach Kingfisher Todiramphus saurophagus 2
  Red-flanked Lorikeet Charmosyna placentis 4
  Violet-necked Lory Eos squamata 4
  Large-billed Gerygone Gerygone magnirostris 4
  White-bellied Cuckooshrike Coracina papuensis 2
  Spangled Drongo Dicrurus bracteatus 3
  Willie Wagtail Rhipidura leucophrys 2
  Kofiau Monarch Symposiachrus julianae 4
  Shining Flycatcher Myiagra alecto 4
  Torresian Crow Corvus orru 2
  Metallic Starling Aplonis metallica 2
  Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 1
  Olive-crowned Flowerpecker Dicaeum pectorale 6
  Black Sunbird Leptocoma aspasia 4
  Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis 6
       
  Small Island   Count
  Dusky Megapode Megapodius freycinet h
  Nicobar Pigeon Caloenas nicobarica h
  Claret-breasted Fruit Dove  Ptilinopus viridis h
  Spectacled Imperial Pigeon Ducula perspicillata h
  Beach Kingfisher Todiramphus saurophagus 1
  Great-billed Parrot Tanygnathus megalorynchos 4
  Olive Honeyeater Lichmera argentauris 3
  Island Whistler Pachycephala phaionota 6
  Arafura Fantail Rhipidura dryas 4
  Torresian Crow Corvus orru h
  Lemon-bellied White-eye Zosterops chloris 2
       
  Obi   Count
  Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus 4
  Variable Goshawk Accipiter hiogaster 1
  Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus 5
  Red-necked Crake Rallina tricolor h
  Moluccan Woodcock Scolopax rochussenii 2
  Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus 3
  Sultan's Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia doreya 8
  Scarlet-breasted Fruit Dove Ptilinopus bernsteinii h
  Carunculated Fruit Dove Ptilinopus granulifrons 20
  Spectacled Imperial Pigeon Ducula perspicillata 11
  Cinnamon-bellied Imperial Pigeon Ducula basilica 3
  Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus h
  Brush Cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus h
  Moluccan Scops Owl Moluccan Scops Owl 3
  Moustached Treeswift Hemiprocne mystacea 1
  Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta 32
  Uniform Swiftlet Aerodramus vanikorensis 40
  House Swift Apus nipalensis 1
  Common Paradise Kingfisher Tanysiptera galatea 1
  Blue-and-white Kingfisher Todiramphus diops 5
  Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis 1
  Blyth's Hornbill Rhyticeros plicatus 15
  Red-cheeked Parrot Geoffroyus geoffroyi 14
  Red-flanked Lorikeet Charmosyna placentis 50
  Chattering Lory Lorius garrulus 6
  Violet-necked Lory Eos squamata 2
  Sula Pitta Erythropitta dohertyi 1
  Dusky Myzomela Myzomela obscura 4
  Obi Myzomela Myzomela chloroptera ssp. nov. 4
  White-bellied Cuckooshrike Coracina papuensis 9
  Pale Cicadabird Coracina ceramensis 2
  Rufous-bellied Triller Lalage aurea 16
  Black-chinned Whistler Pachycephala mentalis 2
  Cinnamon-breasted Whistler Pachycephala johni 6
  Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus 6
  Willie Wagtail Rhipidura leucophrys 3
  Obi Fantail Rhipidura rufiventris obiensis 4
  Moluccan Flycatcher Myiagra galeata 6
  Paradise-crow Lycocorax pyrrhopterus h
  Northern Golden Bulbul Thapsinillas longirostris 6
  Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica 15
  Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis 2
  Island Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus maforensis 1
  Obi White-eye Zosterops sp. nov. 4
  Moluccan Starling Aplonis mysolensis 6
  Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 7
  Turquoise Flycatcher Eumyias panayensis 1
  Halmahera Flowerpecker Dicaeum schistaceiceps 2
  Black Sunbird Leptocoma aspasia 15
  Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis 10
  Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 8
  Black-faced Munia Lonchura molucca 2
  Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 2
       
  Bacan   Count
  Dusky Megapode Megapodius freycinet h
  Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus 5
  Aleutian Tern Onychoprion aleutica 1
  Sultan's Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia doreya 4
  Grey-headed Fruit Dove Ptilinopus hyogastrus 3
  Pied Imperial Pigeon Ducula bicolor 5
  Moluccan Cuckoo Cacomantis aeruginosus h
  Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta 10
  Uniform Swiftlet Aerodramus vanikorensis 20
  White-throated Needletail Hirundapus caudacutus 20
  Blyth's Hornbill Rhyticeros plicatus 4
  White Cockatoo Cacatua alba 1
  Eclectus Parrot Eclectus roratus 1
  Red-cheeked Parrot Geoffroyus geoffroyi 3
  Red-flanked Lorikeet Charmosyna placentis 10
  Moluccan Hanging Parrot Loriculus amabilis 1
  Sula Pitta Erythropitta dohertyi h
  Dusky Myzomela Myzomela obscura 3
  White-streaked Friarbird Melitograis gilolensis 1
  White-bellied Cuckooshrike Coracina papuensis 3
  Common Cicadabird Coracina tenuirostris h
  Rufous-bellied Triller Lalage aurea 5
  Black-chinned Whistler Pachycephala mentalis 1
  Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus 8
  Willie Wagtail Rhipidura leucophrys 1
  Spectacled Monarch Myiagra alecto 1
  Moluccan Flycatcher Myiagra galeata 2
  Northern Golden Bulbul Thapsinillas longirostris 4
  Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis 2
  Cream-throated White-eye Zosterops atriceps 6
  Metallic Starling Aplonis metallica 10
  Moluccan Starling Aplonis mysolensis 4
  Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 1
  Halmahera Flowerpecker Dicaeum schistaceiceps 1
  Grey-sided Flowerpecker Dicaeum celebicum 1
  Black Sunbird Leptocoma aspasia 10
  Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis 2
  Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 6
  Black-faced Munia Lonchura molucca 6
       
  Mangole   Count
  Sula Megapode Megapodius bernsteinii 6
  Streaked Shearwater Calonectris leucomelas 6
  Heinroth's Shearwater Puffinus heinrothi 200
  Little Egret Egretta garzetta 1
  Brown Booby Sula leucogaster 5
  Sulawesi Serpent Eagle Spilornis rufipectus 1
  Barred Rail Gallirallus torquatus h
  Aleutian Tern Onychoprion aleutica 1
  Sula Cuckoo-Dove Turacoena sulaensis 3
  Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon Treron griseicauda 1
  Sula Fruit Dove Ptilinopus mangoliensis h
  Black-naped Fruit Dove Ptilinopus melanospila 2
  Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea 10
  Silver-tipped Imperial Pigeon Ducula luctuosa 10
  Black-billed Koel Eudynamys melanorhynchus h
  Moluccan Drongo-Cuckoo Surniculus musschenbroeki 1
  Himalayan Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus 1
  Sula Scops Owl Otus sulaensis 2
  Great Eared Nightjar Lyncornis macrotis 3
  Grey-rumped Treeswift Hemiprocne longipennis 20
  Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta 10
  Ruddy Kingfisher Halcyon coromanda 1
  Sula Dwarf Kingfisher Ceyx wallacii h
  Golden-mantled Racquet-tail Prioniturus platurus 1
  Citrine Lorikeet Trichoglossus flavoviridis 6
  Sula Hanging Parrot Loriculus scalteri 10
  Ivory-backed Woodswallow Artamus monachus 4
  Slaty Cuckooshrike Coracina schistacea 2
  Sula Cidadabird Coracina sula 5
  White-rumped Triller Lalage leucopygialis 4
  Yellow-throated Whistler Pachycephala macrorhyncha 2
  Drab Whistler Pachycephala griseonota 1
  Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis 2
  Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus 6
  Pale-blue Monarch Hypothymis puella 2
  Island Monarch Monarcha cinerascens h
  Slender-billed Crow Corvus enca 6
  Northern Golden Bulbul Thapsinillas longirostris 6
  Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica 2
  Black-crowned White-eye Zosterops atrifrons 4
  Moluccan Starling Aplonis mysolensis 6
  Helmeted Myna Basilornis galeatus 1
  Bare-eyed Myna Streptocitta albertinae 2
  Henna-tailed Jungle Flycatcher Cyornis colonus 3
  Grey-sided Flowerpecker Dicaeum celebicum 1
  Brown-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis 1
  Black Sunbird Leptocoma aspasia 4
  Black Sunbird Leptocoma aspasia 6
  Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis 5
  Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 4
       
  Taliabu   Count
  Sula Megapode Megapodius bernsteinii h
  Streaked Shearwater Calonectris leucomelas 2
  Grey Heron Ardea cinerea 1
  Purple Heron Ardea purpurea 2
  Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus 1
  Barred Honey Buzard Pernis celebensis 1
  Sulawesi Serpent Eagle Spilornis rufipectus 1
  Sulawesi Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus lanceolatus 2
  Chinese Sparrowhawk Accipiter soloensis 1
  Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus 2
  Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos 1
  Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus 2
  Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus 3
  Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus 2
  Sulawesi Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia doreya albicapilla 4
  Sula Cuckoo-Dove Turacoena sulaensis 5
  Common Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica 2
  Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon Treron griseicauda 3
  Sula Fruit Dove Ptilinopus mangoliensis 2
  Black-naped Fruit Dove Ptilinopus melanospila 20
  Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea 30
  Silver-tipped Imperial Pigeon Ducula luctuosa 4
  Black-billed Koel Eudynamys melanorhynchus h
  Brush Cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus 1
  Himalayan Cuckoo Cuculus saturatus 1
  Sula Scops Owl Otus sulaensis 4
  Great Eared Nightjar Lyncornis macrotis 4
  Grey-rumped Treeswift Hemiprocne longipennis 50
  Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta 50
  Uniform Swiftlet Aerodramus vanikorensis 30
  Sula Dwarf Kingfisher Ceyx wallacii 4
  Spotted Kestrel Falco moluccensis 4
  Moluccan King Parrot Tanygnathus sumatranus h
  Blue-backed Parrot Tanygnathus sumatranus h
  Citrine Lorikeet Trichoglossus flavoviridis 10
  Moluccan Hanging Parrot Loriculus amabilis 3
  Sula Hanging Parrot Loriculus scalteri 2
  Sula Pitta Erythropitta dohertyi 2
  Slaty Cuckooshrike Coracina schistacea 5
  Sula Cidadabird Coracina sula 4
  White-rumped Triller Lalage leucopygialis 3
  Yellow-throated Whistler Pachycephala macrorhyncha 3
  Drab Whistler Pachycephala griseonota 4
  Black-naped Oriole Oriolus chinensis 10
  Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus 3
  Pale-blue Monarch Hypothymis puella 2
  Island Monarch Monarcha cinerascens 4
  Slender-billed Crow Corvus enca 2
  Northern Golden Bulbul Thapsinillas longirostris 11
  Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica 40
  Black-crowned White-eye Zosterops atrifrons 5
  Moluccan Starling Aplonis mysolensis 2
  Bare-eyed Myna Streptocitta albertinae 2
  Red-and-Black Thrush Geokichla mendeni 1
  Grey-streaked Flycatcher Muscicapa griseisticta 2
  Henna-tailed Jungle Flycatcher Cyornis colonus 5
  Grey-sided Flowerpecker Dicaeum celebicum 2
  Brown-throated Sunbird Anthreptes malacensis 2
  Black Sunbird Leptocoma aspasia 8
  Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis 7
  Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 3
  Black-faced Munia Lonchura molucca 8
  Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea 1
  Pechora Pipit Anthus gustavi 1
       
  Peleng   Count
  Purple Heron Ardea purpurea 1
  Sulawesi Serpent Eagle Spilornis rufipectus 1
  Sulawesi Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus lanceolatus 1
  Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus 3
  White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus h
  Sulawesi Cuckoo-Dove Macropygia doreya albicapilla 6
  Sula Cuckoo-Dove Turacoena sulaensis h
  Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon Treron griseicauda 20
  Banggai Fruit Dove Ptilinopus subgularis 5
  Superb Fruit Dove Ptilinopus superbus 1
  Black-naped Fruit Dove Ptilinopus melanospila 32
  Green Imperial Pigeon Ducula aenea 20
  Silver-tipped Imperial Pigeon Ducula luctuosa 1
  Black-billed Koel Eudynamys melanorhynchus h
  Channel-billed Cuckoo Scythrops novaehollandiae h
  Brush Cuckoo Cacomantis variolosus h
  Sulawesi Scops Owl Otus manadensis 2
  Northern Boobook Ninox japonica 1
  Great Eared Nightjar Lyncornis macrotis h
  Grey-rumped Treeswift Hemiprocne longipennis 9
  Glossy Swiftlet Collocalia esculenta 15
  Uniform Swiftlet Aerodramus vanikorensis 14
  Ruddy Kingfisher Halcyon coromanda h
  Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris 5
  Moluccan King Parrot Tanygnathus sumatranus h
  Golden-mantled Racquet-tail Prioniturus platurus 6
  Sula Hanging Parrot Loriculus scalteri 4
  Sula Pitta Erythropitta dohertyi h
  Ivory-backed Woodswallow Artamus monachus 6
  Slaty Cuckooshrike Coracina schistacea 2
  Common Cicadabird Coracina tenuirostris 4
  Yellow-throated Whistler Pachycephala macrorhyncha h
  Hair-crested Drongo Dicrurus hottentottus 6
  Peleng Fantail Rhipidura sp. nov. 2
  Pale-blue Monarch Hypothymis puella 8
  Banggai Crow Corvus unicolor 5
  Slender-billed Crow Corvus enca 8
  Citrine Canary-Flycatcher Culicicapa helianthea 2
  Northern Golden Bulbul Thapsinillas longirostris 7
  Pacific Swallow Hirundo tahitica 4
  Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis 5
  Peleng Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus sp. nov. 6
  Gray's Grasshopper Warbler Locustella fasciolata 1
  Black-crowned White-eye Zosterops atrifrons 6
  Moluccan Starling Aplonis mysolensis 6
  Helmeted Myna Basilornis galeatus 4
  Grosbeak Starling Scissirostrum dubium 20
  Red-and-Black Thrush Geokichla mendeni 3
  Henna-tailed Jungle Flycatcher Cyornis colonus 5
  Grey-sided Flowerpecker Dicaeum celebicum 2
  Black Sunbird Leptocoma aspasia 3
  Olive-backed Sunbird Cinnyris jugularis 3
  Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus 4
  Black-faced Munia Lonchura molucca 3